Breast cancer linked to bacterial imbalances

Breast cancer linked to bacterial imbalances

More recently, more sophisticated targeted treatments are being used to treat cancer that has spread beyond the breast.

The species are found in abundance in healthy breast tissues compared to cancerous tissues. Anyone with the lump/s in the armpit, skin, wound or bleeding from nipples is strongly advised to visit the nearby doctors for the detection of their cancers in an early stage. Much of the research has been done on "gut" microbiomes, or bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. According to the National Cancer Institute, breast cancer is the second most common kind of cancer in American women.

Research from Cleveland Clinic in the USA took the first step towards understanding the composition of the bacteria in breast cancer by uncovering distinct microbial differences in healthy and cancerous breast tissue.

Also Read: Can you get breast cancer?

Findings from the United States study reveal healthy breast tissue contains more of the bacterial species Methylobacterium, a species known to produce phytohormones that exert an anti-cancer effect.

Eng says the hope is to eventually use microbiomics before breast cancer forms, and then to prevent cancer with probiotics or antibiotics. As per the data provided by the hospital, 120 patients underwent surgery for breast cancer in the hospital in the fiscal 2016/17. In addition, they examined urine and bacteria in the mouth to determine the bacterial composition of these distant sites in the body. Men aged above 60 are suffering from breast cancer. And still every year around 11,500 women die of breast cancer in the UK.

"If we can target specific pro-cancer bacteria, we may be able to make the environment less hospitable to cancer and enhance existing treatments, said Stephen Grobymer, head of Surgical Oncology at Cleveland Clinic".

For more than four decades, cervical cancer was considered as one of the leading causes of death in India.

The good news is that breast cancer mortality has dropped by about 30% in the last 3 decades. The test, conducted on patient's saliva or blood, is targeted toward 18 gene types that reportedly have a vivid influence on the diagnosis of breast cancer.As per reports, initially, the SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) would be available at the St. Mary's Hospital and Wythenshawe Hospital in Manchester for patients with the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations, and a family history of breast cancer.

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