North Korea Has Sent Arms to Syria, Myanmar

North Korea Has Sent Arms to Syria, Myanmar

The report, submitted to a U.N. Security Council sanctions committee, revealed that North Korea had exported coals to ports "including in Russia, China, South Korea, Malaysia and Vietnam", using forged paperwork that showed Russia and China-as well as other countries-as the origin of coal, instead of Pyongyang.

North Korea "continued to export almost all the commodities prohibited in the resolutions, generating nearly $200 million in revenue between January and September 2017", said the report.

North Korea received nearly $200 million between January and September 2017 from exports of coal, iron, steel and other commodities banned under UN Security Council resolutions meant to crack down on Pyongyang's nuclear ambitions, according to a confidential report.

Following its defiant pursuit of its nuclear and ballistic missile program, North Korea has been subject to global sanctions from the U.S., United Nations and EU. China, Russia and Malaysia are failing curb sanctioned finance and trade by North Korea, according to a United Nations report.

THE UNITED NATIONS MONITORS, in the 213-page report, referring to North Korea by its official name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

The shipments were made mainly using false paperwork that showed countries such as Russian Federation and China as the origin instead of North Korea, it said.

Between 2012 and 2016, there were more than 40 previously unreported shipments from North Korea to front companies for Syria's Scientific Studies Research Council (CERS) - which is a key institute for the country's chemical programme.

The report said North Korea was helping Syria develop chemical weapons and was providing ballistic missiles to Myanmar.

"Technicians continue to operate at chemical weapons and missile facilities at Barzei, Adra and Hama", a member-state, which was not named, told the panel.

The country falsified documents to hide where the coal initially came from, according to Reuters, which viewed the report on Friday.

It said much of the shipments passed through Chinese, Russian, Malaysian and Vietnamese ports and that more than 30 representatives of North Korean financial institutions were operating overseas, including in China and Russia.

China's embassy in North Korea denied flouting Security Council sanctions, but said in a statement that the two neighbours had maintained "normal trade exchanges".

The committee said Malaysia reported one shipment during this time, while the remaining 15 violated sanctions.

In a photo taken on November 21, 2017, a truck entering the Rason Special Economic Zone makes its way across a bridge over the Tumen river marking the border between North Korea (bottom) and China (top). The coal cargo "would constitute a violation of the resolution, if confirmed". Its imports of crude oil and other petroleum products are also restricted.

It also investigated illegal ship-to-ship transfers of oil "comprising a multimillion-dollar business that is driving an worldwide network of brokers and ship charterers as well as unwitting global commodity trading companies and oil suppliers".

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